A critical mass of support and action can defend ICCAs and support their emergence in any given country. Communication, negotiations, and advocacy are more likely to succeed when backed by a well- organized and coordinated network of support.

Types of ICCA networks

There are several ways to organize a network that can benefit both individual communities and the ICCAs’ overall cause and goals. The simplest kind of network is a “working group”, where representatives of ICCAs, sympathetic organizations, and individual activists and experts gather more or less formally to share ideas and advice, and work on common concerns. Some ICCA custodian communities have also found it useful to create a “second level” formal organization, i.e., a federation that represents their common interests. This model allows ICCAs to gather resources and have formal representation in interactions with other actors, such as regional or national governments. Another path to creating a network is to build a coalition or platform. This can be especially useful when working on specific pressing issues (e.g. impending land grabbing, or for the recognition of collective rights). The nature and urgency of the issues and specific context will inform different networking solutions.

Where to begin?

An effective way to promote and support an ICCA Network is to gather a number of contacts (usually community representatives of ICCAs or potential ICCAs) and propose a meeting.  The meeting offers an occasion to listen to each other’s needs and ideas and establish a basic common ground. Once initial priorities and possible/ desirable joint activities and outcomes are identified, the ICCA communities and partners will have an opportunity to figure out whether and how they wish to continue their interaction and contribute to the common good. Importantly, a network needs to emerge from felt needs and “from the bottom up”. Pushing for the creation of a network in a top- down fashion is destined for irrelevance and failure.

National ICCA Networks associated with the Consortium


Country Name of the Network Type of Network Contact
Africa – Benin Consortium APAC du Bénin Federation
Africa – Burkina Faso National ICCA Federation (FENAPAC)
Seeks to establish a national database
Africa – Democratic Republic of Congo Alliance  Nationale d’Appui et de promotion des Aires du Patrimoine Autochtone et Communautaire en République Démocratique du Congo – ANAPAC-RDC  Federation
Africa – Guinea Informal network
Africa – Kenya Kenya ICCA Network
Africa – Madagascar Tafo Mihaavo and MIHARI  Federations
Asia – The Philippines Bukluran ng mga Pamayanang Nangangalaga sa Kalikasan – Bukluran Inc. Federation
Asia – Indonesia Working Group on ICCAs in Indonesia – WGII – the Members include: the alliance of Indigenous Peoples of Indonesia (AMAN), BRWA, HuMa, JKPP, KIARA, NTFP-EP, PUSAKA, Sawit Watch, WHALI and WWF Indonesia Working Group
Asia – Vietnam National Learning Group of ICCAs in Vietnam — members include: People and Nature Reconciliation (Pan Nature); Department of Nature Conservation (DONC); Viet Nam Forest Administration (VNFOREST), Fauna and Flora International (FFI), Centre for Sustainable Development in Mountainous Areas (CSDM), Research Centre for Forests and Wetlands (FORWET) Working group
Asia – Taiwan, Province of China Taiwan Indigenous Conserved Territories Union – TICTU – A federation for self-determined ICCAs negotiating to implement transitional justice for indigenous peoples through: 1. Recognised sovereignty and rights; 2. Return of the land and marine traditional territories; 3. Reparation of destruction and persecution; 4. Collaboration on recovery and restoration processes Federation (it is formally registered)
Asia – China China ICCA Working Group –
It comprises seven ICCA Consortium Honorary members in China, along with representatives from two Members: Shan shui Conservation Center and Guangxi Biodiversity Research and Conservation Association (BRC). It promotes mutual exchanges and learning and has developed procedures for peer review to register ICCAs and get them recognised by local governments as small community-based protected areas. It is strongly supported by GEF SGP China.
Working group
Asia – Nepal ICCA Network Nepal  Association (informal)
Asia – Iran UNINOMAD and UNICAMEL Federations
Europe – Spain Iniciativa Comunales  Formal association
Latin America – Guatemala Consorcio TICCA de Guatemala  Federation
Latin America – Colombia ICCA network of Coolombia ( read their declaration here) Network
Latin America – Bolivia Consorcio TICCA de Bolivia  Working group
Latin America – Mexico ICCA network – Rather informal, but active in exchanges and attempting fundraising among territorios comunitarios autonomos Working group
Latin America – Chile ICCA working group composed of Members and Honorary Members of the ICCA Consortium Working group