Categories Alert, India, Indigenous people’s rights and human rights, Statement

The ICCA Consortium Urges Authorities to Immediately Release and Drop Charges Against Indigenous and Peasant Leaders in Assam, India

First published on 04/15/2020, and last updated on 08/09/2021

UPDATE: Pranab Doley and Soneshwar Narah were released on conditional bail on 18 April 2020 at the second hearing of their bail application at the Sub Divisional Magistrate Court of Assam. This was after their first bail application was rejected on 8 April 2020; they remained in judicial custody for more than 10 days.

The ICCA Consortium is extremely concerned about the arbitrary arrest of Indigenous peoples’ rights and peasants’ rights activists Pranab Doley and Soneshwar Narah (of farmers’ rights organisation Jeepal Krishak Shramik Sangha, JKSS) on 7 April 2020 in the Golaghat district of Assam, India. These arrests appear to be politically motivated with the intention of intimidating and silencing two community leaders who have dedicated their lives to social justice and supporting Indigenous peoples, forest dwellers and peasant communities in Assam. We have issued a letter of support, urging authorities in India to immediately and unconditionally release them and drop all charges.

As reported by national journalists in The Wire, Newslaundry and Sabrang India, Pranab and Soneshwar were arrested on 7 April under the pretext of inquiring into their complaint filed the day before about alleged corruption in the Public Distribution System during the COVID-19 pandemic. Their complaint drew from local media reports of concerns about the missing rice. At the time of publication (14 April), Pranab and Soneshwar are currently in Golaghat jail under judicial custody, and awaiting a second bail hearing (planned for 18 April) after the first bail application was denied – a decision that also appears to be politically motivated.

The following video was released on Facebook immediately after their arrests:

According to The Wire, the video shows Pranab and Soneshwar being escorted by the police and both making statements. Soneshwar is seen in the video saying, “There is secrecy over the missing 800 quintals of rice. We had registered a case at the local police station in Bokakhat. We were called by the police to produce our statements, but we were arrested on a false case. The rice has gone missing from the Kaziranga Cooperative.

The ICCA Consortium joins a growing chorus of organisations and individuals expressing support for Pranab and Soneshwar and condemning their politically motivated arrests and judicial harassment. We have sent a letter to the Chief Minister of Assam and several other authorities in India to urge them to:

  1. Immediately and unconditionally release Pranab Doley and Soneshwar Narah, cease all acts of intimidation and judicial harassment against them and their organisation, and withdraw the FIR of June 2018.
  2. Guarantee in all circumstances the ability of Indigenous and human rights defenders such as Pranab and Soneshwar to carry out their peaceful work in support of marginalised communities and territories of life without the threat or fear of reprisals, harassment, criminalisation or other restrictions.
  3. Ensure Indigenous peoples and communities in India have safe, healthy and equitable access to all basic needs during the COVID-19 pandemic, including reliable and up-to-date information in local languages, clean water and sanitation, safe production and local exchange of healthy food, and protection against excesses of power such as police violence and intimidation.
  4. Appropriately recognise and support territories of life and the Indigenous peoples and communities who take care of them, including their conservation practices and efforts to secure food, water and energy sovereignty for long-term self-sufficiency and wellbeing.

Please refer to our letter of support for more details of the situation and our concerns.

Soneshwar Narah (left) and Pranab Doley (second from left) being arrested in Assam on 7 April 2020. Credit: screenshot from video shared on Twitter by Eleonora Fanari (unknown source).

For more information and opportunities to support, see:

  • Front Line Defenders’ urgent appeal on the arbitrary detention and judicial harassment of human rights defenders Pranab Doley and Soneshwar Narah in Assam (published 10 April 2020).
  • Online petition to demand immediate release of the human rights activists Pranab Doley and Soneshwar Narah (signatures requested by 17 April 2020).


Featured image: Pranab Doley (left) and Soneshwar Narah (right) of the farmers’ rights organisation Jeepal Krishak Shramik Sangha (JKSS) in Assam, India. © via