Compiled by Holly Jonas (Global Coordinator, ICCA Consortium) with contributions from Vivienne Solis Rivera (CoopeSoliDar R.L., ICCA Consortium Honorary member), Kevin Chang (Kuaʻāina Ulu ʻAuamo, ICCA Consortium Member) and Jenny Oates (Blue Ventures, ICCA Consortium Member).
Every year on 8 June, World Oceans Day celebrates the role of the oceans in our everyday lives and inspires action for their protection, conservation and sustainable use. As of early 2020, the ICCA Consortium had planned to support a delegation of Indigenous and community representatives to the UN Oceans Conference in Lisbon, Portugal, under our new grant from the Oak Foundation, but all international travel and UN processes have ground to a halt during the pandemic. Instead, several ICCA Consortium Members and Honorary members commemorated World Oceans Day through international and national online events and contributing to media coverage. A selection of these actions is shared below.
Too Big to Ignore’s “Small is Bountiful” online event
Too Big to Ignore, a global research network that focuses on small-scale fisheries, organised a week-long event called “Small is Bountiful”. ICCA Consortium Members and Honorary members participated in the following sessions:
- 1 June: Jenny Oates from Blue Ventures (Member) in the UK presented in the webinar “People, COVID-19, and Beyond: Impacts, Adaptation and Innovation among Small-Scale Fishers” (view the recording on YouTube).
- 4 June: Vivienne Solis Rivera (Honorary member) from CoopeSoliDar in Costa Rica spoke in the webinar “From Words to Action: Using the SSF Guidelines and Human Rights for Sustainable Small-scale Fisheries” (view the recording on YouTube).
- 8 June: Vatosoa Rakotondrazafy from MIHARI Network (Member) in Madagascar presented in the panel discussion “Secured access for Small-Scale Fishers: Reality or Dream?” (view the recording on YouTube).
- 8 June: Tero Mustonen from Snowchange Cooperative (Member) in Finland and Bram Büscher (Honorary member) from Wageningen University in the Netherlands spoke in the panel discussion “Why Blue Justice for Small-scale Fisheries and Why Now?” (view the recording on YouTube).
Blue Ventures was delighted to be one of the organising partners for this highly successful event and also contributed to the Small Scale Fisheries ArtFest, a compilation of songs, dance, photos, drawings and short films contributed by communities, organisations, research groups from around the world to celebrate the values and importance of small-scale fisheries and to bring awareness about issues and challenges they are facing. All of the “Small is Bountiful” events are available in playlists on Too Big to Ignore’s YouTube channel.
One Ocean Hub’s online event
The ICCA Consortium is a project partner of the One Ocean Hub, a research initiative that bridges law, science and policy in responses to the urgent challenges facing our oceans. The Hub organised a series of online events for World Oceans Day, including the session “Customary Laws of the Sea and the Legacy of Colonisation” (view the recording on YouTube), which explored how the interplay between law and the customs, fishing practices and collective rights of Indigenous peoples has shaped and continues to shape national and international approaches to the conservation and sustainable use of the ocean. During this session, One Ocean Hub researcher Jackie Sunde (ICCA Consortium Honorary member) gave a presentation on “Decolonising Marine Governance and Law: Contributions from living customary law along the coast in South Africa”.
Jackie Sunde on decolonising marine governance and law on World Oceans Day 2020 © One Ocean Hub.
National event with fisherwomen and fishermen in Costa Rica
On World Oceans Day 2020 in Costa Rica, the National Network of Marine Areas of Responsible Fishing and Marine Territories of Life and CoopeSoliDar R.L. organised an online event with fisherwomen and fishermen to underscore the essential role of small-scale artisanal fishing. This network is comprised of 22 diverse organisations from the small-scale artisanal fishing sector, including Marine Areas of Responsible Fishing, communities of marine management areas, Indigenous peoples, Afro-descendant communities and mollusc gatherers, among others. Its purpose is to work in accordance with the FAO Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication, and to advance the fulfilment of rights from a self-management perspective.
Recording of the World Oceans Day event in Costa Rica (in Spanish only) © CoopeSoliDar R.L.
Nirlady Artavia, a fisherwoman from Southern Costa Rica who moderated the online event, highlighted the Network as an example of a collective effort to support local organisations of fisherwomen and fishermen to present their ideas, needs and actions in defence of their rights. María Teresa Williams, from the Caribbean coast, shared about Afro-descendant women’s relationship with the sea and the difficulties in securing state recognition of ancestral rights for the sustainable use of marine resources.
Aaron Chacón, son and grandson of fishermen from the Tárcoles community in the Pacific of Costa Rica, is supporting CoopeTárcoles R.L to develop a traceability system for a fairer and more equitable market. As a young man himself, he demonstrates how young people can support their fishing communities with education and technology. David Chacón, president of CoopeTárcoles R.L, shared that COVID-19 has had a significant and unfair impact on communities engaged in small-scale artisanal fishing in coastal and marine areas. However, positive solidarity actions developed within the framework of fairer markets and continued efforts to implement the Voluntary Guidelines on small-scale fisheries have enabled them to continue facing the reality of the pandemic.
READ MORE: “Solidarity, empathy and hope of small-scale artisanal fishing communities in Costa Rica in the situation of COVID-19: Actions and learning in the face of an emergency situation” – CoopeSoliDar R.L., May 2020 (Spanish only).
Rolando Ramírez, small-scale artisanal fisherman from Guanacaste and co-coordinator of the Network, mentioned the importance of marine areas of responsible fishing as forms of shared governance where the government and artisanal fishing organisations can develop joint actions for sustainable use, incorporating the fishers’ Indigenous and local knowledge. Daniela Meneses from CoopeSoliDar R.L. spoke about the joy of the diversity of small-scale artisanal fishing and the enormous value of networking between fishers’ organisations and technical supporters. She acknowledged the importance of hearing the voices of small-scale artisanal fisherwomen and fishermen from Costa Rica and of celebrating World Oceans Day with the people of the sea.
Other speakers included Pamela Méndez from the Mar Nuestro Fishermen’s Association, Luis Marín from Playa Blanca, Aracelly Jiménez from Chomes community and Jesus Chavez from the community of Barra del Colorado.
Indigenous peoples’ responses to COVID-19 in Hawai’i
Kuaʻāina Ulu ʻAuamo (KUA, ICCA Consortium Member) is a mechanism to empower, organise and mobilize rural and Native Hawaiian community-based natural resource management movement network. KUA’s genesis began with fishers’ desire to care for the ocean. KUA and community network partners in Hawai’i have demonstrated their leadership on responses to and recovery from COVID-19 by contributing to several news articles and commentaries (see below). Many of the networks’ and participants’ projects have a vision that extends from ridge to reef.
- “Column: Pause before returning to ‘normal’ in Hawaii” by Kevin Chang and Miwa Tamanaha (KUA) and Lea Hong (The Trust for Public Land) (3 May 2020, The Star Advertiser)
- “Bountiful oceans support us in uncertain times” by Edwin (‘Ekolu’) Lindsey (9 June 2020, The Maui News). Ekolu Lindsey is the co-founder of Polanui Hiu, a community managed makai area grassroots movement and the 2020 chair of the Maui Nui Makai Network.
- “As pandemic kicks mass tourism, islands seek to mend ties with nature” by Nellie Peyteon (13 June 2020, Thomson Reuters Foundation). The article quotes KUA’s founder elder “Mac” Poepoe and co-director Kevin Chang as they reflect on mass tourism in Hawai’i and our relationship with nature.
In addition, as part of a response to the impacts of COVID-19 in Hawai’i, KUA did a brainstorming of ideas called: “Post-COVID-19 Working List of Ideas for Pathways Toward an ‘Āina Momona Economy”. According to the executive summary, these ideas “were gathered to pool energies, inspire dreams, to encourage action and dialogue on Hawaiʻi’s future for generations to come. It is also evidence of voices for Hawaiʻi’s mālama ʻāina practitioners and advocates in this challenging time. These ideas are grown from and guided by Hawai’i’s lands, waters, and the home culture of this unique place.” Learn more by reading the working list.
Featured image: Vezo fisherwoman in Madagascar © Garth Cripps/BlueVentures.