The UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) are the main sources of international biodiversity law and conservation policy, respectively, that also strongly recognise the rights and roles of indigenous peoples and local communities. In the CBD, this recognition is enshrined in Articles 8(j) and 10(c) and a wide range of decisions of the Conference of the Parties (COP) since the Convention entered into force in 1994. This includes recognition of ICCAs in several decisions since 2004, including in relation to protected areas, financial mechanisms and resource mobilisation, traditional knowledge and customary sustainable use, sustainable development, ecosystem conservation and restoration, climate change, agricultural biodiversity and taxonomy. In IUCN policy, recognition of ICCAs dates back to the 5th World Parks Congress held in Durban (South Africa) in 2003, which helped usher in a ‘new paradigm’ for protected areas, shifting away from only state-centric and exclusionary approaches to more diversified and equitable forms of governance and management, including ICCAs. IUCN members again recognised ICCAs in the 6th World Parks Congress in 2014 and in each quadrennial World Conservation Congress from 2004 to 2016.
With ICCAs widely recognised in both fora, the main priority is now to ensure full and effective implementation of the many supportive provisions at the national and local levels, and in turn to contribute to monitoring and assessments at the international level – particularly in the CBD (a binding treaty). Particular emphasis is placed on ensuring ICCAs are appropriately recognised and supported in accordance with the self-determined priorities and protocols of the ICCA custodians themselves – including through the development and dissemination of good practice guidance in close collaboration with the CBD Secretariat. Another priority is addressing past and continuing injustices in the conservation sector, including situations of overlap between ICCAs and protected areas, evictions from strictly protected areas, and militarised approaches to combatting illegal wildlife trade. The ICCA Consortium and its Members are working with strategic allies such as UN Special Rapporteurs on concrete measures and mechanisms at the international and national levels to help improve conservation actors’ accountability and compliance with international human rights law and standards. This is closely related to work on conservation justice under “Indigenous Peoples’ Rights and Human Rights”
The 13th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP 12), held in Cancun, Mexico, in 2016, adopted a wide … Continue reading “ICCAs in Decisions of CBD COP 13, Cancun, 2016”
· Resolution 6.030: “Recognising and respecting the territories and areas conserved by indigenous peoples and local communities (ICCAs) overlapped by protected areas” (Le lien … Continue reading “Resolutions and Recommendations of the 6th IUCN World Conservation Congress , Hawai’i, 2016”
UN Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples: report to the UN General Assembly with thematic analysis of conservation measures and their impact … Continue reading “UN Special Rapporteur report on the impact of conservation measures on indigenous peoples’ rights”
The 12th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP 12), held in Pyeongchang, Republic of Korea, in 2014, further … Continue reading “ICCAs in Decisions of CBD COP 12, Pyeongchang, 2014”
ESP Entre el 4 y 8 de septiembre 2017 se realizó en Chile, en la ciudad de La Serena, el IV Congreso Internacional de … Continue reading “Congreso Internacional de Áreas Marinas Protegidas · IMPAC4”
Several members and honourary members from the ICCA Consortium participated in this conference whose goal was to be the “game changer that will reverse the decline in the health of our ocean for people, planet and prosperity”.
The Consortium at the 13th Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP 13)
COP 13 was held in Cancun, Mexico, from 4-17 December 2016. The official theme was “Mainstreaming biodiversity for well-being” and State Parties adopted a … Continue reading “The Consortium at the 13th Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP 13)”
“Beyond Enforcement: Involving indigenous peoples and local communities in combating illegal wildlife trade” workshop (November 2016) in Hanoi, Vietnam
Poaching for illegal wildlife trade is a major focus of current conservation and policy development. Poaching and associated illegal wildlife trade in Southeast Asia … Continue reading ““Beyond Enforcement: Involving indigenous peoples and local communities in combating illegal wildlife trade” workshop (November 2016) in Hanoi, Vietnam”
This paper reflects on IUCN’s ongoing progress to develop technical guidance on “other effective area-based conservation measures” (OECMs) and begins to explore under what conditions OECMs might make a positive contribution to ICCAs.
By: Aili Pyhälä, Steering Committee Member with special responsibility for Northern Europe and Russia In June 2017 I had the privilege of being part of … Continue reading “Current ICCA-related issues in Northern Europe”
Report: “Protected Areas in the Congo Basin: Failing both people and biodiversity?” Aili Pyhälä, Ana Osuna Orozco and Simon Counsell Rainforest Foundation UK, 2016
Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP) believes that media has an important role to play in the promotion and protection of indigenous peoples’ rights as well as their inclusive participation in decision making and social equity.
Tool: “Whakatane Mechanism” The aim of the Whakatane Mechanism is to assess the situation in different protected areas around the world and, where people … Continue reading “Whakatane Mechanism”
Tool: “Conservation Watch” Conservation Watch aims to facilitate discussion about the real impacts of protected area policy and practice in the Global South. The … Continue reading “Conservation Watch”
From boardroom to kitchen table: Shifting the power seat of Indigenous governance in protected area management
From boardroom to kitchen table: Shifting the power seat of Indigenous governance in protected area management Emma Lee and Tran Tran, 2016 Australian Aboriginal … Continue reading “From boardroom to kitchen table: Shifting the power seat of Indigenous governance in protected area management”