The UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) are the main sources of international biodiversity law and conservation policy, respectively, that also strongly recognise the rights and roles of indigenous peoples and local communities. In the CBD, this recognition is enshrined in Articles 8(j) and 10(c) and a wide range of decisions of the Conference of the Parties (COP) since the Convention entered into force in 1994. This includes recognition of ICCAs in several decisions since 2004, including in relation to protected areas, financial mechanisms and resource mobilisation, traditional knowledge and customary sustainable use, sustainable development, ecosystem conservation and restoration, climate change, agricultural biodiversity and taxonomy. In IUCN policy, recognition of ICCAs dates back to the 5th World Parks Congress held in Durban (South Africa) in 2003, which helped usher in a ‘new paradigm’ for protected areas, shifting away from only state-centric and exclusionary approaches to more diversified and equitable forms of governance and management, including ICCAs. IUCN members again recognised ICCAs in the 6th World Parks Congress in 2014 and in each quadrennial World Conservation Congress from 2004 to 2016.
With ICCAs widely recognised in both fora, the main priority is now to ensure full and effective implementation of the many supportive provisions at the national and local levels, and in turn to contribute to monitoring and assessments at the international level – particularly in the CBD (a binding treaty). Particular emphasis is placed on ensuring ICCAs are appropriately recognised and supported in accordance with the self-determined priorities and protocols of the ICCA custodians themselves – including through the development and dissemination of good practice guidance in close collaboration with the CBD Secretariat. Another priority is addressing past and continuing injustices in the conservation sector, including situations of overlap between ICCAs and protected areas, evictions from strictly protected areas, and militarised approaches to combatting illegal wildlife trade. The ICCA Consortium and its Members are working with strategic allies such as UN Special Rapporteurs on concrete measures and mechanisms at the international and national levels to help improve conservation actors’ accountability and compliance with international human rights law and standards. This is closely related to work on conservation justice under “Indigenous Peoples’ Rights and Human Rights”
According to Mr. John H. Knox, the UN Special Rapporteur on human rights and the environment, “No group is more vulnerable to environmental harm than children. More than 1.5 million children under the age of five lose their lives every year because of pollution and other avoidable environmental harms.
In March 2018, the UN Environment Programme (UN Environment) launched its new Environmental Defenders Policy, which proposes how it can promote greater protection for individuals and groups who are defending their environmental rights, and identifies solutions to mitigate the abuse of environmental rights.
The ICCA Consortium replied to the notification on Progress in implementing the 2015-2020 Gender Plan of Action and efforts related to gender mainstreaming to inform the second meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Implementation of the CBD
The 13th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP 12), held in Cancun, Mexico, in 2016, adopted a wide … Continue reading “ICCAs in Decisions of CBD COP 13, Cancun, 2016”
ESP Entre el 4 y 8 de septiembre 2017 se realizó en Chile, en la ciudad de La Serena, el IV Congreso Internacional de … Continue reading “Congreso Internacional de Áreas Marinas Protegidas · IMPAC4”
Several members and honourary members from the ICCA Consortium participated in this conference whose goal was to be the “game changer that will reverse the decline in the health of our ocean for people, planet and prosperity”.
Open-ended intergovernmental working group on a United Nations declaration on the rights of peasants and other people working in rural areas
From May 12th-19th, 2017, meetings began with the Via Campesina and other organizations or movements of pastoralists, nomads and fishermen.
The Consortium at the 13th Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP 13)
COP 13 was held in Cancun, Mexico, from 4-17 December 2016. The official theme was “Mainstreaming biodiversity for well-being” and State Parties adopted a … Continue reading “The Consortium at the 13th Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP 13)”
This paper reflects on IUCN’s ongoing progress to develop technical guidance on “other effective area-based conservation measures” (OECMs) and begins to explore under what conditions OECMs might make a positive contribution to ICCAs.
Report: “Protected Areas in the Congo Basin: Failing both people and biodiversity?” Aili Pyhälä, Ana Osuna Orozco and Simon Counsell Rainforest Foundation UK, 2016
Local Biodiversity Outlooks, Forest Peoples Programme, CBD and IIFB, 2016 Summary (from website): This publication presents the perspectives and experiences of indigenous peoples and … Continue reading “Local Biodiversity Outlooks”
ICCAs and Overlapping Protected Areas: Fostering Conservation Synergies and Social Reconciliation. Policy Brief of the ICCA Consortium, Issue No.4, ICCA Consortium. Stevens, S., T. … Continue reading “ICCA Consortium Policy Brief no 4”
Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP) believes that media has an important role to play in the promotion and protection of indigenous peoples’ rights as well as their inclusive participation in decision making and social equity.
By: Aili Pyhälä, Steering Committee Member with special responsibility for Northern Europe and Russia In June 2017 I had the privilege of being part of … Continue reading “Current ICCA-related issues in Northern Europe”
Tool: “Whakatane Mechanism” The aim of the Whakatane Mechanism is to assess the situation in different protected areas around the world and, where people … Continue reading “Whakatane Mechanism”